History of Tartu
History of Estonia
A History of
Unlike other cities
in Europe, there is little known about the early history of Tallinn.
In the year 1154, the area was initially identified by a
cartographer of Arab origin. However, it wasnít until 1219 that the
first dependable account of the history of Tallinn was made. This
account, known as The Chronicle of Latvian Henrik, described King
Valdemar IIís landing of his fleet. Him and the Danes took over
Tallinn and built a fortress which was located on Toompea Hill.
After their short term gain of power, the Order of the Brotherhood
of the Swords was in charge of Tallinn from the year 1227 to 1238.
The Brotherhood went on to invite merchants from Germany to the
city. This led to the population of Tallinn remaining German for
several centuries. Tallinn soon joined the Hanseatic League, a
military and merchant alliance consisting of Northern European
cities that were dominated by Germany.
Car insurance due? You can now buy a
short term car insurance policy
or, if money is tight, get
car insurance with no deposit necessary!
medieval times, was a highly fortified city. The wall of the town
was built during the 14th century and consisted of 66 defensive
towers. An increase of construction in the town followed suit during
the 15th century.
Tallinn felt the positive effects of its convenient position as a
trade crossroads between Russia and Northern and Western Europe.
After the Middle Ages, the residency fees of the town increased
making it near impossible for native Estonians to acquire residency.
The influence of the Germans continued to increase due to the
Protestant Reformation that occurred during the 1500s.
In 1561, in order to avoid invasion by Russia, Tallinn agreed to
surrender to the Swedes and remained under their rule for 150 years
although the area was seiged by the Russians twice. During the 15th
century, an epidemic destroyed large parts of the town with the
Great Fire decimating even more of the city in 1684.
The Swedes gave ownership of Tallinn to Russia in the year 1710.
However, the German rulers of the town continued to remain
economically and culturally autonomous. Tallinn becomes increasingly
industrialized throughout the 19th century and the cityís port was
an important part of this growth.
In 1918, Tallinnís Independence Manifesto resulted in German
occupation and almost immediate war with Russia. In 1920, a treaty
was signed with Russia and Tallinn became the Estonian capital.
However, after the onset of WWII, a Red Army coup caused Estonia to
become a part of the USSR until Nazi Germany invaded in 1941.
Although it was bombed often by the Soviets, Tallinn retained the
majority of its structure. After the Nazis retreated in 1944, the
Soviets seized the town and remained there for 47 years until the
Estonian Singing Revolution and the fall of the Soviet Union.
In the year 2004, the country of Estonia joined the European Union.
Today, the city of Tallinn remains one of the biggest tourist
hotspots in the country. The town is particularly known for its Old
Town Days festival which is celebrated each year for four mid-summer
days in order to celebrate the traditions of the town.
Copyright Roy Mason